Biwi Ke Huqooq In Islam Urdu Pdf 306
Biwi Ke Huqooq in Islam Urdu PDF 306
Islam is a religion that teaches us the rights and duties of every human being. Among them, the rights and duties of husband and wife are very important and essential for a happy and peaceful marital life. In this article, we will discuss the rights of wife in Islam according to the Quran, Hadith, and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
The Rights of Wife in Islam
The rights of wife in Islam can be divided into two categories: financial rights and non-financial rights. Financial rights include the right to receive mahr (dowry), nafaqah (maintenance), and inheritance from her husband. Non-financial rights include the right to be treated with kindness, respect, justice, and fairness by her husband.
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The Right to Receive Mahr (Dowry)
Mahr is a gift that the husband gives to his wife at the time of marriage as a token of his love and commitment. It is a mandatory obligation upon the husband and a right of the wife that cannot be waived or denied. Allah says in the Quran:
And give the women [upon marriage] their [bridal] gifts graciously. But if they give up willingly to you anything of it, then take it in satisfaction and ease. [Quran 4:4]
The amount and type of mahr depends on the mutual agreement of the husband and wife, and it can be anything that is lawful and valuable. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
The best mahr is that which is easy [to pay]. [Sunan Ibn Majah]
The Right to Receive Nafaqah (Maintenance)
Nafaqah is the provision that the husband gives to his wife for her basic needs such as food, clothing, shelter, and medical care. It is a duty of the husband and a right of the wife that cannot be neglected or reduced. Allah says in the Quran:
Let a man of wealth spend from his wealth, and he whose provision is restricted - let him spend from what Allah has given him. Allah does not charge a soul except [according to] what He has given it. Allah will bring about, after hardship, ease. [Quran 65:7]
The amount and quality of nafaqah depends on the financial status and standard of living of the husband, and it should be sufficient and suitable for the wife. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
You should clothe them [your wives] with what you clothe yourself, feed them with what you feed yourself, and do not strike them on their faces or revile them or desert them except within the house. [Sunan Abi Dawud]
The Right to Receive Inheritance
Inheritance is the share that the wife receives from her husband's estate after his death. It is a right that Allah has granted to her and no one can deprive her of it. Allah says in the Quran:
For men is a share of what they have earned, and for women is a share of what they have earned. And ask Allah of his bounty. Indeed Allah is ever, of all things, Knowing. [Quran 4:32]
The share of inheritance for the wife depends on whether she has children or not from her husband. If she has children, then she gets one-eighth of her husband's estate. If she does not have children, then she gets one-fourth of her husband's estate. Allah says in the Quran:
And for you is half of what your wives leave if they have no child. But if they have a child, for you is one fourth of what they leave, after any bequest they [may have] made or debt. And for them [the wives] is one fourth if you leave no child. But if you leave a child, then for them is an eighth of what you leave, after any bequest you [may have] made or debt. And if a man or woman leaves neither ascendants nor descendants but has a brother or a sister, then for each one of them is a sixth. But if they are more than two, they share a third, after any bequest which was made or debt, as long as there is no detriment [caused]. [This is] an ordinance from Allah, and Allah is Knowing and Forbearing. [Quran 4:12]
The Right to Be Treated with Kindness, Respect, Justice, and Fairness
Besides the financial rights, the wife also has non-financial rights that are related to her dignity, honor, and well-being. The husband should treat his wife with kindness, respect, justice, and fairness in all aspects of their relationship. He should not harm her physically, emotionally, or verbally. He should not oppress her, cheat on her, or abuse her. He should not neglect her, ignore her, or isolate her. He should not force her to do anything that is against her will or that is harmful to her religion or health. He should fulfill her rights and respect her wishes. He should consult her in matters that concern her and appreciate her contributions. He should protect her from evil and support her in good. He should be loyal to her and faithful to his covenant with her. Allah says in the Quran:
And live with them in kindness. For if you dislike them - perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah makes therein much good. [Quran 4:19]
And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought. [Quran 30:21]
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
The best of you are those who are best to their wives, and I am the best of you to my wives. [Sunan Ibn Majah]
The most complete of the believers in faith is the one with the best character among them. And the best of you are those who are best to your women. [Sunan al-Tirmidhi]
In conclusion, Islam has given the wife many rights that ensure her dignity, honor, and well-being in the marital relationship. The husband should fulfill these rights and treat his wife with kindness, respect, justice, and fairness. By doing so, he will earn the pleasure of Allah and the love of his wife.
If you want to learn more about the rights of wife in Islam, you can download the PDF file of the book "Mian Biwi Ke Huqooq" by clicking on this link. This book contains detailed information about the rights and duties of husband and wife in Urdu language.